Publications

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Publications 2018

  • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B, (2018) People as a Contamination Source, Performance in a dispersal chamber of Optimal MF 864 microfiber surgical clothing system laundered twice and 100 times. Report in Safety Ventilation, report 2018-1, Dept. of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Div. of Building Services Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden. 
  • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Ullmann, C., (2018) Protective Efficacy of Surgical Clothing Systems without and with Textile Knee-length Boots and Airborne Microorganisms based on Results from Measurements in a Dispersal Chamber and during ongoing Orthopaedic Surgery, 49th R3-Nordic Symposium, Naantali. 
  • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Gandra, (2018) A Comparison between Measured Values of Airborne Viable Particles and Theoretical Calculated Values with the Dilution Principle in Operating Rooms Equipped with Low Velocities Unidirectional Airflow Systems, International Symposium on Contamination Control, ISCC'18, The Hague, The Netherlands, Sept. 2018. 

    Dito 49th R3-Nordic Symposium, Naantali, 2018. 

  • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., (2018) Microbial risk assessment with the LR-Method in safety cabinets/class II benches, European Journal of Parenteral & Pharmaceutical Sciences, 23 (2), 54-59.
  • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., (2018) People as a contamination source Performance in a dispersal chamber of OPTIMAL MF 864 microfiber surgical clothing system laundered twice, 100 times, and 150 times, Dept. of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Div. of Building Services Engineering, Safety Ventilation, Report 2018-2, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden. 

Publications 2017

  • Ullmann, C., Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., (2017), Microbial contamination risks of the surface of surgical clothing systems - an observational study. European Journal of Parenteral & Pharmaceutical Sciences, 22(1), pp 6-12.
  • Ullmann, C., Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., (2017), Some aspects of protective efficacy of surgical clothing systems concerning airborne microorganisms based on results from measurements in a dispersal chamber and during surgical procedures, European Journal of Parenteral & Pharmaceutical Sciences, 22(2), pp 51-58.
  • Gandra, P., Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., (2017), Unidirectional air flow systems with low velocities in operating rooms – a comparison between measured values of airborne viable particles and theoretical calculated values with the dilution principle. European Journal of Parenteral & Pharmaceutical Sciences, 22(3), pp 82-86.
  • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., (2017), People as a Contamination Source, Performance of Martinson MF864 microfiber surgical clothing system in a dispersal chamber, Report in Safety Ventilation, Report 2017-8, Dept of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Building Services Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
  • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., (2017), People as a Contamination Source, Performance of Almedahls 129-04 surgical clothing system in a dispersal chamber, Report in Safety Ventilation, Dept of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Building Services Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Publications 2016

  • Gandra, P. ; Ljungqvist, B. ; Reinmüller, B. et al. (2016). Swedish comparative study of three principally different surgery room ventilation systems by experimental measurements and CFD calculation, International Symposium on Contamination Control, ICCCS, Sao Paulo, Brazil, sept 2016. [Nr. 245704]
  • Kasina, P. ; Tammelin, A. ; Blomfeldt, A. et al. (2016). Comparison of three distinct clean air suits to decrease the bacterial load in the operating room: An observational study.Patient Safety in Surgery. 10 (1) [Nr. 236172]
  • Ljungqvist, B. ; Reinmüller, B. ; Maier, C. et al. (2016). Assessing contamination control of pre-sterilised container tub transfers into an aseptic manufacturing filling isolator via a de-bagging/no-touch-transfer process step.European Journal of Parenteral & Pharmaceutical Sciences. (21 (3)) s. 90-101. [Nr. 245696]
  • Ljungqvist, B. ; Reinmüller, B. (2016). People as a Contamination Source, Performance of Olefin surgical clothing systems in a dispersal chamber.Göteborg: Chalmers University of Technology. [Nr. 245132]
  • Ljungqvist, B. ; Reinmüller, B. (2016). Performance of Olefin surgical clothing systems in a dispersal chamber, International Symposium on Contamination Control, ICCCS, Sao Paulo, Brazil, sept 2016. [Nr. 245700]
  • Ljungqvist, B. ; Reinmüller, B. (2016). Performance of single-use surgical clothing systems during ongoing surgery, International Symposium on Contamination Control, ICCCS, Sao Paulo, Brazil, sept 2016. [Nr. 245703]
  • Ljungqvist, B. ; Reinmüller, B. (2016). Safety Ventilation in Ultra Clean Air Operating Rooms - A Reveiw. Renhetsteknik. (3) [Nr. 245693]
  • Romano, F. ; Ljungqvist, B. ; Reinmüller, B. et al. (2016). Dispersal chambers used for evaluation of cleanroom and surgical clothing systems - examples of performed tests and results, International Symposium on Contamination Control, ICCCS, Sao Paulo, Brazil sept 2016. [Nr. 245698]
  • Romano, F. ; Ljungqvist, B. ; Reinmüller, B. et al. (2016). Performance test of technical cleanroom clothing systems, Proceedings of Indoor Air 2016, 14 th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate, paer#990, Ghent, Belgium, 2016. [Nr. 245692]
  • Ullman, C. ; Ljungqvist, B. ; Reinmüller, B. (2016). Pharmaceutical production versus operating rooms in hospitals with focus on airborne particles and microorganism - Requirements and environmental monitoring, International Symposium on Contamination Control, ICCCS, Sao Paulo, Brazil, sept 2016. [Nr. 245697]

Publications 2015

  • Ljungqvist, B. ; Reinmüller, B. ; Gustén, J. et al. (2015). Clothing Systems in Operating Rooms - A Comparative Study. Journal of the IEST. 58 (1) s. 20-23. [Nr. 240041]
  • Ljungqvist, B. ; Reinmüller, B. (2015). Safety Ventilation in Operating Rooms - A Review. Renhetsteknik 2015. (3) [Nr. 240049]
  • Romano, F. ; Gustén, J. ; Joppolo, C. M. et al. (2015). Some aspects on the sampling efficiency of microbial impaction air samplers. Particuology. 20 s. 110-113. [Nr. 218300]
  • Sadrizadeh, S. ; Ljungqvist, B. ; Reinmüller, B. et al. (2015). Does release position of bacteria-carrying particles influence contaminant distribution in an operating room?, Healthy Buldings Europe 2015, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, May 2015. [Nr. 240046]
  • Ullman, C. ; Ljungqvist, B. ; Reinmüller, B. (2015). Requirements and environmental monitoring in pharmaceutical production versus operating rooms in hospitals with focus on airborne particles and microorganisms. European Journal of Parenteral & Pharmaceutical Sciences 2015. 20 (3) s. 100-103. [Nr. 240024]

Publications 2014

  • Ljungqvist, B. ; Reinmüller, B. (2014). Clothing systems evaluated in a dispersal chamber. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 19 (2) s. 67-69. [Nr. 216688]
  • Ljungqvist, B. ; Reinmüller, B. (2014). Evaulation of Clothing Systems - Results from Dispersal Chamber tests, VTT Technology 168, 45th R3Nordic Symposium, Taantali, May 2014. [Nr. 211301]
  • Ljungqvist, B. ; Reinmüller, B. (2014). People as Contamination Source, Dispersal Chamber Evaluations of Clothing Systems for Cleanrooms and Ultra Clean Operating Rooms. Göteborg: Chalmers University of Technology. [Nr. 211330]
  • Ljungqvist, B. ; Reinmüller, B. (2014). Performance of Single-use Surgical Clothing Systems in Ongoing Surgery, VTT Techology 168, 45th R3Nordic Symposium, Naantali May 2014. [Nr. 211300]
  • Ljungqvist, B. ; Reinmüller, B. ; Gustén, J. et al. (2014). Performance of clothing systems in the context of operating rooms. European Journal of Parenteral & Pharmaceutical Sciences. 19 (3) s. 95-101. [Nr. 211298]
  • Ljungqvist, B. ; Reinmüller, B. (2014). Short Version: Practical Safety Ventilation in Operating Rooms - An Introduction. Göteborg: Chalmers University of Technology. [Nr. 211332]

Publications prior to 2014

  • Booklets, parts in books

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    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B. (2013), Course Material: Safety Ventilation in Pharmaceutical and Biotech Industry- An Introduction. Göteborg: Chalmers University of Technology.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B. (2013), People as Contamination Source, Performance of single-use surgical clothing systems in operating rooms. Göteborg: Chalmers University of Technology.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B. (2012), People as a contamination source. Surgical clothing systems for operating rooms - a comparison between disposable non-woven and reusable mixed material systems.. Göteborg: Chalmers University of Technology.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., /2011), Monitoring of air in clean environments - a comparative study with instantaneous microbial detection, Chapter 10, pp 157-166, in Environmental Monitoring, A Comprehensive Handbook, Volume 5, edited by Moldenhauer, J., PDA Bethesda, MD, DHI Publishing, LLC, River Grove IL.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Collection Efficiency of Microbiological Impaction Air Samplers, Chapter 7 pp 143 - 152, in Environmental Monitoring - A Comprehensive Handbook, Volume 4, edited by Moldenhauer, J., PDA, Bethesda, MD, DHI Publishing, LLC, River Grove, IL, 2010.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Safety Ventilation in Cleanrooms, Chapter 15, pp 1 - 17, in Microbiology in Pharmaceutical Manufacturing, Volume 2, second edition, edited by Prince, R., PDA, Bethesda, MD, DHI Publishing LLC, River Grove, IL, 2008.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Monitoring of Airborne Viable Particles, Chapter 4, pp 61 - 70, in Environmental Monitoring for Cleanrooms and Controlled Environments, edited by Dixon, Anne Marie, Informa Healthcare, New York, 2007.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Dispersion of Airborne Contaminants and Contamination Risks in Cleanrooms, pp 143 - 154, in Guide to Microbiological Control in Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices, second edition, edited by Denyer, S. P., and Baird, R., M., CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, FL, 2007.
    • Reinmüller, B., Hygienic Survey of Air in Swedish Cheese Plants, Chapter 4, pp 50 - 86, in DairyNet – Hygiene Control in Nordic Countries, edited by Wirtanen, G. and Salo, S., VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland,  2004.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Air movements and the dispersion of contaminants, Chapter 11, pp 343 -355, in Cleanrooms, edited by Alexander Fedotov, ASENMCO, (Association of Engineers for Microcontaminantion Control), Moscow, 2003. (in Russian)
    • Reinmüller, B., Ljungqvist, B., People as a contamination source. Modern clean room clothing systems, Chapter 14, pp 403 - 429, in Cleanrooms, edited by Alexander Fedotov, ASENMCO (Association of Engineers for Microcontamination Control), Moscow, 2003. (in Russian)
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Microbiological Risk Assessment in Pharmaceutical Clean Rooms, PDA, Bethesda, MD, DHI Publishing, River Grove IL, 2001.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Open Unidirectional Airflow Benches, pp 925 - 934, in Industrial Ventilation Design Guidebook, edited by H. Goodfellow and E. Tähti, Academic Press, San Diego, 2001.

  • Books

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    • Ljungqvist, B. Reinmüller, B. (2013). Practical Safety Ventilation in Operating Rooms - An Introduction, Göteborg: Chalmers University of Technology. ISBN/ISSN: 978-91-980300-8-2
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Practical Safety Ventilation in Pharmaceutical and Biotech Cleanrooms, PDA, Bethesda, MD, DHI Publishing LLC, River Grove, IL, 2006.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Practical Safety Ventilation in Pharmaceutical and Biotech Cleanrooms, PDA, Bethesda, MD, DHI Publishing LLC, River Grove, IL, 2006.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Cleanroom Clothing Systems, People as a Contamination Source, PDA, Bethesda, MD, DHI Publishing LLC, River Grove, IL, 2004.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Clean Room Design, Minimizing Contamination Through Proper Design, Interpharm / CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL, 1997, 2002.

  • Journals (peer reviewed articles)

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    • Ljungqvist, B. ; Reinmüller, B. ; Nordenadler, J. (2013). Results from a Swedish survey – investigations in operating rooms. European Journal of Parenteral & Pharmaceutical Sciences. 18 (4), pp 125-127.
    • Tammelin, A. ; Ljungqvist, B. ; Reinmüller, B. (2013). Single-use surgical clothing system for reduction of airborne bacteria in the operating room. Journal of Hospital Infection. 84 (3) pp. 245-247.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Tammelin, A., (2012) Comparison between two measuring methods with active air sampling of airborne viable particles,, European Journal of Parenteral & Pharmaceutical Sciences, 17 (2), pp 56 59.
    • Tammelin, A. ; Ljungqvist, B. ; Reinmüller, B. (2012). Comparison of three distinct surgical clothing systems for protection from air-borne bacteria: A prospective observational study. Patient Safety in Surgery. 6 (23).
    • Ullmann, C., Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Sahlén, J., (2012). Study of proper placements of HEPA-filter units in order to prevent airborne contamination of autoclaves in aseptic production by using computational fluid dynamics. European Journal of Parenteral & Pharmaceutical Sciences. 17 (4) pp. 148-156.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., (2011) Monitoring of air in clean environments - a comparative study with instantaneous microbial detection, European Journal of Parenteral & Pharmaceutical Sciences, 16 (2), pp 49-53.
    • Sundström, S., Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Stallgård, M., The use of computational fluid dynamics for the study of particle despersion routes in the filling area of a blow-fill-seal process, European Journal of Parenteral & Pharmaceutical Sciences, 15 (1), pp 5 - 11, 2010.
    • Ullman, C., Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Design of HEPA-filter units in order to prevent airborne contamination of autoclaves and freeze drayers when doors are open, European Journal of Parenteral & Pharmaceutical Sciences, 15 (2), pp 53-59, 2010.
    • Sundström, S., Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Particle concentrations in small volume parenterals produced by aseptic blow-fill-seal technology, European Journal of Parenteral & Pharmaceutical Sciences, 15 (3), pp 87-92, 2010.
    • Sundström, S., Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Some Observations on Airborne Particles in the Critical Areas of a Blow-Fill-Seal Machine, PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Vol 63, No 1, pp 71 - 80, 2009.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Gustén, J., Gustén, L., Nordenadler, J., Contamination risks due to door openings in operating rooms, European Journal of Parenteral & Pharmaceutical Sciences, 14 (4), pp 97 - 101, 2009.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Monitoring efficiency of microbiological impaction air samplers, European Journal of Parenteral & Pharmaceutical Sciences, 13(4), 93-97, 2008.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Loading and Unloading of Freeze-Dryers: Airborne Contamination Risks for Aseptically Manufactured Sterile Drug Products, PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Vol 61, No 1, pp 44 - 50, 2007.
    • Sundström, S., Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Some Observations on Airborne Particles in Blow-Fill-Seal Filling Rooms, PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Vol 61, No 3, pp 147 - 153, 2007.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Löfgren, A., Dewhurst, E., Current Practice in the Operation and Validation of Aseptic Blow-Fill-Seal Processes, PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Vol 60, No 4, pp 254 - 258, 2006.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Cleanroom dressed people as a contamination source: some calculations, European Journal of Parenteral & Pharmaceutical Sciences, 9 (3), pp 83 - 87, 2004.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Söderström, O., Cleanroom-dressed operator in unidirectional airflow; a mathematical model of contamination risks. European Journal of Parenteral & Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol 8, No 1, pp 11-14, 2003.
    • Reinmüller, B., Ljungqvist, B., Modern Cleanroom Clothing Systems: People as a Contamination Source, PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Vol 57, No 2, pp 114-125, 2003.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., People as a contamination source: cleanroom clothing systems after 1, 25 and 50 washing/sterilizing cycles, European Journal of Parenteral & Pharmaceutical Sciences 8(3), 75-80, 2003.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Risk assessment with the LR-Method, European Journal of Parenteral Sciences, Vol 7, No 4, pp 105-109, 2002.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Airborne Viable Particles and Total Number of Airborne Particles: Comparative Studies of Active Air Sampling, PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Vol 54, No 2, pp 112-115, 2000.
    • Reinmüller, B., Ljungqvist, B., Evaluation of cleanroom garments in a dispersal chamber - some observations, European Journal of Parenteral Sciences, Vol 5, No 3, pp 55-58, 2000.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Active Sampling of Airborne Viable Particles in Controlled Environments: A comparative Study of Common Instruments, European Journal of Parenteral Sciences, Vol 3, No 3, pp 59-62, 1998.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Design of HEPA-filters Above Autoclaves and Freeze-Dryers, PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Vol 52, No 6, pp 340-343, 1998.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Some Observations on Environmental Monitoring, European Journal of Parenteral Sciences, Vol 1, No 1, pp 9-13, 1996.
    • Isfält, E., Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Simulation of Airflows and Dispersion of Contaminants Through Doorways in a Suite of Cleanrooms, European Journal of Parenteral Sciences, Vol 1, No 3, pp 67-73, 1996.
    • Flynn, M., Ljungqvist, B., A review of wake effects on workers exposure, Ann. occup. Hyg., Vol 39, No 2, pp 211-221, 1995.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Qualification of Weighing Station for Pharmaceutical Substances, PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Vol 49, No 2, pp 93-98, 1995.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Hazard Analyses of Airborne Contamination in Clean Rooms - Application of a method for Limitation of Risks, PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Vol 49, No 5, pp 239-243, 1995.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., The Biotest RCS Air Samplers in Unidirectional Flow, PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Vol 48, No 1, 1994.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Interaction between Air Movements and the Dispersion of Contaminants. Clean Zones with Unidirectional Air Flow, Journal of Parenteral Science & Technolgy, Vol 47, No 2, 1993.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Some observations on air movements in clean rooms with unidirectional airflow, Particulate Science and Technology, Vol 11, No 3-4, pp 165-173, 1993.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Some Aspects on the Use of the Biotest RCS Air Sampler in Unidirectional Air Flow Testing, Journal of Parenteral Science & Technology, Vol 45, No 4, 1991

  • Other international journals (since 2000)

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    • Ullmann, C., Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Sahlén, J. (2013). Study of proper placements of HEPA-filter units in order to prevent airborne contamination of autoclaves in aseptic production by using computational fluid dynamics. Renhetsteknik (3) pp. 15-20.
    • Ljungqvist, B.; Reinmüller, B.; Gustén, J.; Nordenadler, J. (2013). Étude comparative sur les systèmes d’habillage en salles d’operation. Salles Propres 88, pp 23-26.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Nordenadler, J., (2011) Performance of clothing systems in the context of operating rooms; a question of patient safety, Clean Air and Containment Review, Issue 7.
    • Dito: in RenhetsTeknik No 3, 2011
    • Dito: in ASCCA News, No 2, 2011, in Italian.
    • Ljungqvist, B. ; Reinmüller, B. ; Gustén, J. et al. (2011). Contamination risks due to door openings in operating rooms. Technology of Cleanliness, The Magazine of the Association of Engineers for Microcontamination Control, ASENMCO. 3.
    • Ljungqvist, B. ; Reinmüller, B. ; Nordenadler, J. (2011). L'abbigliamento usato in una sala operatoria:una questione di sicurezza del personale. ASCCA News. 2.
    • Ljungqvist, B. ; Reinmüller, B. (2011). Litteraturstudie; Mikrobiologiska säkerhetsbänkar klass II., 42nd R3 Nordic Symposium, Oslo.
    • Ljungqvist, B. ; Reinmüller, B. ; Nordenadler, J. (2011). Performance of clothing systems in the context of operating rooms; a question of patient safety.. Clean Air and Containment Review. 7.
    • Ljungqvist, B. ; Nordenadler, J. ; Reinmüller, B. (2011). Performance of clothing systems in the context of operating rooms; a question of patient safety.. RenhetsTeknik - Nordic Journal of Contamination Control and Clean Room Technology. 3.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., Predicted Contamination Levels in Cleanrooms, when Cleanroom-Dressed People are the Contamination Source, Pharmaceutical Technology, Aseptic Processing, 2006.
    • Ljungqvist B., Reinmüller B., Aseptic Production, Gowning Systems, and Airborne Contaminants, Pharmaceutical Technology, Supplement Aseptic Processing, 2005.
    • Ljungqvist, B., Reinmüller, B., The LR Method in Critical Areas. Airflow Patterns and the Design of Aseptic Interventions, Pharmaceutical Technology (US), Vol 28, No 7, pp 46 - 54, 2004.

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